New satellite tv for pc imagery of California reveals not simply the extent of its wildfire harm, however the depth of the loss.
The maps derived from the satellite tv for pc information present how far two main fires unfold in addition to how badly every area burned. Darker colours characterize near-complete loss — charred landscapes with little to no residing vegetation left. Lighter tan areas characterize areas the place the fireplace was extreme, however some bushes and crops nonetheless survive.
The satellite tv for pc information was collected by Landsat 8 on Sept. 26, throughout a transparent day after weeks of smoke that blanketed the Bay Space.
“We wanted a transparent view of the land floor to make these measurements, and we had been fortunate sufficient to get one after so many smoky days,” Christopher Potter, a remote-sensing researcher at NASA’s Ames Analysis Heart, advised NASA’s Earth Observatory. “It was the primary satellite tv for pc picture we may use to inform how extreme the burn was throughout a broad space.”
The imagery captured the CZU Lightning Complicated hearth close to Santa Cruz, and the SCU Lightning Complicated hearth within the Diablo Mountains. The CZU Lightning Complicated hearth started on Aug. 16, in accordance with Cal Hearth, and burned for 37 days earlier than being contained. The hearth burned 86,509 acres (135 sq. miles, or 350 sq. kilometers). The SCU Lightning Complicated ignited on Aug. 18 and burned 396,624 acres (619 sq. miles, or 1,605 sq. kilometers) over the subsequent 44 days, in accordance with Cal Hearth.
By evaluating near-infrared and shortwave-infrared wavelength information from Sept. 26 to the identical information collected on July 24, earlier than the fires, Potter and his colleagues created a normalized burn ratio exhibiting how a lot vegetation was misplaced in every hearth. The ensuing maps present that the CZU Lightning Complicated scar was burned deeply into the land, possible leaving little however charred tree stumps, ash and soot behind. A lot of the SCU Complicated hearth exhibits extra surviving vegetation.
Inexperienced areas on the map present a acquire in vegetation, which might be as a consequence of seasonal progress or agriculture exterior of fireside scars.
In accordance with the Earth Observatory, the CZU Lightning Complicated hearth devastated coastal forests stuffed with tanoaks, Douglas firs and redwoods.
“It’s disturbing to see how a lot of the redwood forest was burned,” Potter mentioned.
The SCU Complicated hearth burned grassland and oak woodlands.
“It’s uncommon that we get multiple massive lightning-induced hearth in a 12 months in California; this 12 months, we had 10 lightning complicated fires,” Potter advised the Earth Observatory. “Some researchers assume these lightning storms could also be associated to local weather change. If international warming means extra lightning storms like this in California, then we’re in hassle.”
Initially revealed on Reside Science.