After digitally reconstructing the mind of a Thecodontosaurus, often known as the Bristol dinosaur, scientists discovered that that they had in all probability been very fallacious about how the dinosaur lived.
Scientists have discovered an awesome deal about dinosaurs via fossils. However one group took issues a step additional by peering contained in the cranium to digitally reconstruct the mind, giving them a brand new degree of perception into the animal’s life, based on research published Monday within the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. It’s a captivating instance of scientists updating their understanding of a topic as new know-how develops, quite than making inferences a few species based mostly on bodily construction alone.
Updating Historical past
A group from the College of Bristol took detailed 3D scans of the cavity the place the dinosaur’s mind had as soon as rested inside a well-preserved fossil. Scientists lengthy assumed that the dog-sized dinosaur walked on all fours and fed solely on vegetation, very like its relations the Diplodocus and Brontosaurus. However based mostly on the scale and form of the mind, the scientists now hypothesize that the Thecodontosaurus walked on two legs and generally ate meat.
“Our evaluation of Thecodontosaurus’ mind uncovered many desirable options, a few of which have been fairly stunning,” lead writer and Antonio Ballell said in a press release. “Whereas its later relations moved round ponderously on all fours, our findings counsel this species might have walked on two legs and been often carnivorous.”
The brand new scanning method allowed the scientists to take a better take a look at the fossil with out truly cracking it open like a piggy financial institution, which had lengthy been an impediment.
“Although the precise mind is lengthy gone, the software program permits us to recreate mind and internal ear form through the size of the cavities left behind,” Ballell stated. “The braincase of Thecodontosaurus is fantastically preserved so we in contrast it to different dinosaurs, figuring out widespread options and a few which might be particular to Thecodontosaurus.”
READ MORE: Research reveals unexpected insights into early dinosaur’s brain, eating habits and agility [University of Bristol]
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